Great Smoky Mountains National Park – Tennessee

Tennessee is located in the Southern United States and the state is divided into three regions, East Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, and West Tennessee. Each of these regions has their own landscapes, West Tennessee is made up of the Mississippi Floodplain, Middle Tennessee is made up of plateaus and hills, while East Tennessee is made up of almost rugged terrains because this state is part of Great Smoky Mountains. Tennessee uses agricultural and manufacturing as the base of their economic activities.

History. An Indian word “Tanasie”, that is also the name of a Cherokee village, became the origin of the Tennessee name. In the 1812 and Mexican War, Tennessee had so many brave volunteers to participate in the war that since then, Tennessee is called the “Volunteer State”. This state is also called the “Big Bend State” because the Tennessee River flows twice because of its bend.

Tennessee is also known for the people who lived there. The famous frontier hero, Davy Crockett, was born and lived here. Former Tennessee congressmen and President of the US, James Polk also lived here. Andrew Johnson, who became president after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, also lived in Tennessee. For some Texas History, click here.

Tourist Destinations:

• Appalachian National Scenic Trail
• Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area
• Great Smoky Mountains National Park
• Nashville
• Overmountain Victory National Park

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

One of Tennessee’s treasures is also the heritage site of the world. Located between the North Carolina and Tennessee border, Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a world heritage site set by UNESCO. This national park has a wide area of  522419 acres and was funded both by the federal and private funds.

Geographically, Great Smoky Mountains are still the biggest part of the Appalachian Mountain chain. The center of this park is passed through by the Appalachian National Trail Scenic Trail. The difference in elevation between each point grants this national park with a big variety of species of plants and animals lived in it. More than 10,000 species of plants and animals existed in this park and maybe almost 100,000 undocumented species presented.

As the most visited national parks among all national parks in the United States, Great Smoky Mountains National Park provides the visitors with a lot of activities, including hiking, camping, backpacking trips, bicycling, horse riding, and water tubing. Besides outdoor activities, visitors can also enjoy the historical attractions, like Cades Cove, where a lot of prehistoric buildings like churches, log cabins, barns, preserved here. Roaring Fork, Elkmont, Cataloochee, Mingus Mill, and the Mountain Farm Museum are the other historical sites in the Great Smoky National Park. Read also this post about the history of Edmond, Oklahoma.

Appalachian National Scenic Trail

A fan of hiking will know this fantastic trail that encompasses many states in the United States, including Tennessee. The Appalachian National Scenic Trail is a trail with 2200 miles long which was conceived by Benton MacKaye in 1921 and maintained under the National Park System, private trail clubs, and also Appalachian Trail Conservancy. Another interesting post is about Chief John Hicks

This national scenic trail was completed in August 1937 and it is the sanctuary for more than hundreds of plants and animal species, starting from rare, threatened, endangered, and sensitive species. The Appalachian National Scenic Trail is really designed for hiking, and some facilities are provided for visitors that want to hike their way through the trail, such as lodging and camping facilities, navigations, and trail towns.

There are some things that you need to be cautious about. During winter, the trail will likely have severe weather. Beside weather condition, the trail itself could be hazardous to you, especially some plants and animals that live in there. Bugs like ticks, biting flies, and mosquitoes spread diseases. Watch out for venomous snakes and American Black Bear. There is a plant that is hazardous to you if you touch it, Poison Ivy. The sap of this plant will cause itching, painful rash, and irritation.